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Roman Empire, Tiberius, Denarius

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Roman Empire, Tiberius, Denarius (obverse) Roman Empire, Tiberius, Denarius (reverse)

The gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke report a disputation between Jesus and some questioners. The latter tried to trap Jesus into taking a stand on whether Jews should or should not pay taxes to the Roman authorities. Jesus demanded that they bring him a coin of the kind they might use to pay those taxes. They brought him a denarius, and he answered, 'render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and unto God the things that are God's.'

This meant: Money you may give to the emperor it is his domain. God, however, is the master of your life, and as such has a totally different claim to you than just taxes.

We may be almost certain that the coin in question was one like this, a denarius of Emperor Tiberius (14-37 AD). Such coins were mass-produced and circulated in all provinces of the Roman Empire at that time.

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