Roman Republic, Semuncia


Roman Republic, Semuncia (obverse) Roman Republic, Semuncia (reverse)

This Roman semuncia shows the head of Bellona, the goddess of war, on the obverse. The reverse depicts the typical motif on Roman bronze coins, the prora, a prow.

When the coin was issued, Rome was just waging the Second Punic War (218-201 BC) against the Carthaginians, whom the Romans also called Punici. The two parties had already fought a long and bloody war some decades earlier, the First Punic War (264-241 BC). It would take yet another war, the Third Punic War (149-146 BC), to settle the power balance in the Mediterranean once and for all. The Roman Republic would remain victorious, the Carthaginian state would perish.


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