Roman Republic, Denarius


Roman Republic, Denarius (obverse) Roman Republic, Denarius (reverse)

This denarius shows Jupiter, the highest of the Roman gods, and his spouse Juno. Juno was the patron of Rome and the goddess of childbirth and marriage. Despite these peaceful aspects, she often appeared armed and wearing a goatskin cloak, which was the garment favored by Roman legionnaires in the field.

Juno had different functions identifiable by her respective attributes. With the goatskin cap she represented Juno Sospita, Juno the Guardian, the watchful and ready to fight patron goddess of the Roman state. On this coin she is armed with a shield and a lance. The serpent at her feet is a symbol of the health and safety that the Romans owed her.

The denarius bears the inscription S.C for 'Senatus Consulto,' 'by decree of the Senate.' This indicates that the issue was a special coinage struck at the command of the Senate.


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