Roman Republic, Denarius Serratus


Roman Republic, Denarius Serratus (obverse) Roman Republic, Denarius Serratus (reverse)

The obverse of this Roman denarius from the time of the late republic depicts the goddess Juno wearing a goatskin cap. She is therefore Juno Sospita, Juno as the goddess of matrimony and childbirth.

The reverse shows a girl and a snake facing each other. The snake stood for renewal. The design alluded to the festival for Juno in Lanuvium, during which a virgin descended into the grotto under Juno's temple to feed her sacred serpent. The ceremony was seen as omen of fertility, and took place every year at the beginning of the sowing season, to learn about the productivity of the coming year.


Signet Sunflower Foundation